I find the concepts of 'gifting' and philanthropy- central to your blog, to be pertinent towards building a socially-responsible model of tourism. It is interesting that older forms of tourism models in countries where the local populace exist on sociologically primitive constructs have been founded on the concept of market principles when Polanyi, in his ‘Great Transformation’ has argued that the economy (based on market principles) as we know it today is the first to depart from ‘all preceding forms of economy’ , the latter having been based on the concept of reciprocity. The new, socially responsible model of tourism, especially in the luxury(by Bataille’s definition of excess and a non-recuperable social expenditure) end of the market, has been predicated on philanthropy – benefiting the local economy, preservation of culture and ways of living or conservation of wildlife. To cite an example would be Paul Tudor Jones’ Singita Grumeti Reserves, which is a wildlife reserve in the Serengeti that is roughly the size of the Masai Mara that has become a conservation project for Jones. The model is less on money-making than it is on conservation of the endangered black rhino. Of note too is the Ol Donyo Laro, another interesting example of how high-end tourism is contributing to the model of socially-responsible tourism. Tours with Urbane Nomads are based not so much on a philanthropic platform but rather a desire to 'do' any destination in a socially responsible manner- taking an interest in the lifestyles of the 'local' people, striving for authentic experiences, looking at ways as to how the tourism dollar could benefit the immediate communities and preserve traditions and art. 'Reciprocity' then going beyond simply just financial contributions but at the level of interactions with the destinations' immediate communities. Besides the designing of itineraries to highlight the arts and culture of destinations visited as well as promoting 'marginalized'(in the sense of being off-the-radar of the typical traveller) but culturally-rich destinations like Iran and Syria, Urbane Nomads has also participated as a sponsor for auctions in benefit of organizations like Tibet House, an organization set up to preserve the arts of Tibet and recently, when financial help is most needed, through the Heal Haiti auction, with many more such initiatives in the works. More information on Urbane Nomads can be found on our website at: http://www.urbanenomads.com.